China’s GDP expands 5.2 percent in 2023, surpassing annual target

Published Jan 17, 2024


China's gross domestic product (GDP) posted a growth of 5.2% year on year to 126.06 trillion yuan ($17.71 trillion) in 2023, higher than the target of around 5%, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed Wednesday.

China's economy in 2023 grew by over 6 trillion yuan, equivalent to the annual GDP of a medium-sized country, said Kang Yi, head of NBS, at a press conference.

In 2023, the Chinese economy encountered a complex international environment. However, the NBS said the national economy witnessed the momentum of recovery and deepened reform.

China's value-added industrial output went up 4.6% year on year in 2023, with a 6.8% hike in the value added of equipment manufacturing. Bruce Pang, chief economist of JLL Greater China, noted that the manufacturing sector has continued to provide strong support for the country's steady economic growth and structural reform.

The value added of services went up by 5.8% over the previous year, while retail sales climbed 7.2% year on year to 47.15 trillion yuan.

Kang said that the service sector and consumption are playing a more prominent role as the main engines of economic growth, indicating the upgrading and optimisation of China's economic structure.

The surveyed urban unemployment rate in China stood at an average of 5.2% in 2023, down 0.4 percentage point from 2022.

Fixed asset investment went up 3% year on year in 2023. High-tech industries saw strong growth, with investment up 10.3% year on year. Specifically, investment in high-tech manufacturing and high-tech services expanded by 9.9% and 11.4%, respectively.

Investment continues to contribute steadily to economic growth, supporting the optimisation and balancing of the economic structure in terms of industrial distribution, said Pang.

* This article was originally published by CGTN.